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|Title||KnoWhy #197 - What Caused the Darkness and Destruction in the 34th Year? (3 Nephi 8:20)|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Corporate Authors||Book of Mormon Central Staff|
|Publisher||Book of Mormon Central|
|Place Published||Springville, UT|
|Keywords||Ancient America; Darkness; Disaster; Eathquake; Geology; Nature; Vapor of Darkness; Volcanic Eruption|
Scholars and geologists widely agree that the 3 days of darkness in 3 Nephi 8 could only be caused by the ash cloud created by a large volcanic eruption. The full range of destructive events requires both a volcano and an earthquake along a strike-slip fault. Such a fault system exists in Veracruz, Mexico, with a volcano nearby which likely erupted in the first century AD. Further evidence points to widespread volcanic activity in Mesoamerica around the first century AD, and ice core samples confirm a volcanic eruption somewhere in the world very close (ca. AD 30–40) to the time of Christ's death.
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