Samuel the Lamanite, Christ, and Zenos: A Study of Intertextuality

TitleSamuel the Lamanite, Christ, and Zenos: A Study of Intertextuality
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBarney, Quinten
JournalInterpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture
Keywords3 Nephi; Helaman; Helaman 13; Helaman 14; Helaman 15; Intertextuality; Samuel the Lamanite; Zenos

During Christ’s mortal ministry at Jerusalem, his teachings often drew upon the writings of Isaiah, Moses, and other prophets with whom his audience was familiar. On the other hand, Christ never seems to quote Nephi, Mosiah, or other Book of Mormon prophets to the Jews and their surrounding neighbors, despite being the ultimate source for their inspired writings. It is because of this apparent confinement to Old Testament sources that intertextual parallels between the words of Christ in Matthew 23–24 and the words of Samuel the Lamanite in Helaman 13–15 jump out as intriguing. This paper explores the intertextual relationship between these chapters in Helaman and Matthew and suggests that the parallels between these texts can be attributed to a common source available to both Samuel and Christ, the writings of the prophet Zenos.