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TitleRoman Armor and Weapons
Publication TypeChart
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsWelch, John W., and John F. Hall
PublisherFoundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies
CityProvo, UT
KeywordsArmor; Roman Empire; Study Helps; Weaponry

The common Roman soldier was well equipped with armor of leather manufacture, edged or tipped with iron. His primary defensive weapon was a large rectangular shield, called a scutum, which protected much of his body. Major offensive weapons were the pilum, a short javelin hurled at the enemy from approximately twenty paces and the much feared gladius, a short sword designed for stabbing, used at close range with deadly effect. Compare Ephesians 6:13–17.


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Scripture Reference

Ephesians 6:13-17