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Prayers: Mortals Seeking the Lord's Divine Favor
TitlePrayers: Mortals Seeking the Lord's Divine Favor
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsParry, Donald W.
Book TitleThe Jesus Christ Focused Old Testament: Making Sense of a Monumental Book
Chapter44
Pagination118-119
PublisherBook of Mormon Central
CitySpringville, UT

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Old Testament prayers were heartfelt and offered by men and women, prophets, kings, laypersons, servants, and others. They were generally addressed to the lord, to God, or to the lord God; but some prayers have additional expressions such as “lord God of Israel,” “the lord God of heaven,” “the lord God of my master Abraham,” and “lord, the great and dreadful God.” Prayers were offered for one’s personal needs, such as Jeremiah praying for deliverance from his afflictions or David pleading for forgiveness. They were also offered on behalf of others, such as Abraham praying for Sodom’s inhabitants, Abraham’s servant seeking a wife for Isaac, or Ezra praying for members of the house of Israel.

The purposes for offering prayers varied during ancient times just as they do in our own day—to be blessed with a baby, to find a spouse for a loved one, to ask for forgiveness or mercy, to confess one’s sins, to plead for deliverance from one’s enemies, to praise the lord’s name, or to dedicate the temple.

Even the posture of prayer is God-focused, which included bowing down (Gen. 24:52; Ps. 95:6), bowing the head (Isa. 58:5), and kneeling (1 Kgs. 8:54; 2 Chr. 6:13; Ps. 95:6)—each posture points to the humility of the one uttering the prayer. Gestures of prayer also include raising the hands to heaven (1 Kgs. 8:38–39; Ps. 28:2; 63:4; 134:2; Isa. 1:15; Lam. 2:19; 3:41).

With regard to frequency, the scriptures record that Daniel prayed three times a day; Daniel 6:10 records that he “kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God.”

The chart sets forth several prayers from the Old Testament; the columns indicate the name of the supplicant (column 1, listed alphabetically), the opening words of the prayer (column 2), the prayer’s chief purpose (column 3), and the scriptural reference (column 4).

 

Supplicant

Opening Words

Chief Purpose

Reference

Abraham

“Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?”

For the righteous of Sodom

Gen. 18:23–33

Abraham

“lord God, what wilt thou give me”

For childless Sarai

Gen. 15:1–9

Abraham’s servant

“O lord God of my master Abraham”

To seek a wife for Isaac

Gen. 24:12–14

Asa

“lord, it is nothing with thee to help”

For deliverance

2 Chr. 14:11

Daniel

“O lord, the great and dreadful God”

For supplication, blessing, and forgiveness for Israel

Dan. 9:4–19

David

“Blessed be thou, lord God of Israel our father”

To praise the lord for His greatness and goodness

1 Chr. 29:10–13

David

“The lord is my shepherd”

To details the lord’s greatness and deeds on behalf of individuals

Ps. 23

David

“Have mercy upon me, O God”

To ask forgiveness

Ps. 51

Ezra

“O my God”

To confess Israel’s sins and mention God’s mercies

Ezra 9:5–15

Habakkuk

“O lord, I have heard thy speech”

To set forth the greatness and majesty of the lord

Hab. 3:1–19

Hannah

“My heart rejoiceth in the lord”

To praise the lord and His power, greatness, and great deeds

1 Sam. 2:1–10

Hezekiah

“O lord God of Israel”

For deliverance from the Assyrian invasion

2 Kgs. 19:15–19

Jacob

“O God of my father Abraham”

For deliverance from Esau

Gen. 32:9–12

Jeremiah

“O lord”

For his afflictions

Jer. 20:7–18

Joshua

“Alas, O lord God”

A wish that the Israelites had not entered the promised land

Josh. 7:6–9

Levites

“Stand up and bless the lord your God”

To praise the lord for His great deeds on behalf of Israel

Neh. 9:5–38

Moses

“lord”

To plead on behalf of Israel after they make a golden-calf idol

Ex. 32:11–13, 31–32

Nehemiah

“I beseech thee, O lord God of heaven”

To confess the sins of the children of Israel

Neh. 1:4–11

Solomon

“Blessed be the lord God of Israel”

To dedicate temple

1 Kgs. 8:15–53

 

Chart by Donald W. Parry. Prayers: Mortals Seeking the Lord's Divine Favor.

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