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Personal Relative Pronoun Usage in the Book of Mormon: An Important Authorship Diagnostic
TitlePersonal Relative Pronoun Usage in the Book of Mormon: An Important Authorship Diagnostic
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCarmack, Stanford
JournalInterpreter: A Journal of Latter-day Saint Faith and Scholarship
Volume49
Pagination5-36
KeywordsBook of Mormon Authorship; King James Bible; Linguistics; Stylometry
Abstract

This study compares personal relative pronoun usage in the earliest text of the Book of Mormon with 11 specimens of Joseph Smith’s early writings, 25 pseudo-archaic texts, the King James Bible, and more than 200,000 early modern (1473–1700) and late modern (1701–1800+) texts. The linguistic pattern of the Book of Mormon in this domain — a pattern difficult to consciously manipulate in a sustained manner — uniquely points to a less-common early modern pattern. Because there is no matching of the Book of Mormon’s pattern except with a small percentage of early modern texts, the indications are that Joseph Smith was neither the author nor the English-language translator of this pervasive element of the dictation language of the Book of Mormon. Cross-verification by means of large database comparisons and matching with one of the finest pseudo-archaic texts confirm these findings.

URLhttps://journal.interpreterfoundation.org/personal-relative-pronoun-usage-in-the-book-of-mormon-an-important-authorship-diagnostic/

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