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Names, Titles, and Metaphors of the Lord Jesus Christ
TitleNames, Titles, and Metaphors of the Lord Jesus Christ
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsParry, Donald W.
Book TitleThe Jesus Christ Focused Old Testament: Making Sense of a Monumental Book
Pagination39-43
PublisherBook of Mormon Central
CitySpringville, UT

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This chart lists more than one hundred names, titles, and metaphors of the Lord, together with references from the Old Testament. And remember that the Lord is none other than the premortal Jesus Christ. Each name or title serves to describe God’s perfections, attributes, divine qualities, sacred character, or His mission to humankind. For example, “Beloved, Glorious Lord,” “Righteousness,” and “Wonderful” describe divine qualities. “Fountain,” “Stone,” “Star,” and “Water” are metaphors that describe one or more aspects of His nature or character. “Advocate,” “Judge,” “King,” and “Lawgiver” set forth four of His roles in the plan of salvation. “God of Heaven,” “Highest,” and “King over all the earth” portray His exalted position, majesty, and omnipotence. “Redeemer” and “Savior” describe aspects of the atoning sacrifice.

A number of these names and titles appear only once in the Old Testament, but others are attested multiple times. The names Holy One of Israel, God, Lord, Lord God, Lord of hosts, and Redeemer, for instance, each appear a dozen or more times in the book of Isaiah. No doubt there are other names and titles that can be added to the list.

Title

Scripture References

Advocate

1 John 1:2; cf. Isaiah 3:13

Almighty

Isaiah 13:6

Angel

Genesis 48:15–16

Angel of His Presence

Isaiah 63:9

Anointed

Psalm 2:2

Baali

Hosea 2:16

Beloved

Isaiah 5:1

Branch

Zechariah 3:8

Bridegroom

Isaiah 62:5

Child

Isaiah 9:6

Corner

Psalm 118:22

Counselor

Isaiah 9:6

Covert

Isaiah 32:2

Creator

Isaiah 43:15

Creator of Israel

Isaiah 43:15

Crown

Isaiah 62:3

David

Jeremiah 30:9

Desire of all Nations

Haggai 2:7

Dew

Hosea 14:5

Eagle

Deuteronomy 32:11

Elect

Isaiah 42:1

Everlasting Father

Isaiah 9:6

Everlasting God

Isaiah 40:28

Everlasting Light

Isaiah 60:19

First and Last

Isaiah 48:12

Fountain

Zechariah 13:1

Glorious Lord

Isaiah 33:21

Holy One

Isaiah 12:6

Holy One of Israel

Isaiah 43:14

Holy One of Jacob

Isaiah 29:23

Hope of Israel

Jeremiah 17:13

Horn of David

Psalm 132:17

Husband

Isaiah 54:5

I Am

Exodus 3:14

Immanuel

Isaiah 7:14

Inheritance

Ezekiel 44:28

Ishi

Hosea 2:16

Jah

Psalm 68:4

Jehovah

Isaiah 26:4

Judge

Isaiah 33:22

Judge of Israel

Micah 5:1

King

Isaiah 6:5

King of glory

Psalm 24:7

King of Israel

Isaiah 44:6

King of Jacob

Isaiah 41:21

King over all the Earth

Zechariah 14:9

Lamb

Isaiah 53:7

Lawgiver

Isaiah 33:22

Leader

Isaiah 55:4

Light

Isaiah 42:6

Light of Israel

Isaiah 10:17

Light to the Gentiles

Isaiah 49:6

Lord

Isaiah 66:9

Lord God

Isaiah 30:15

Lord God of Hosts

Isaiah 22:5

Lord God of Israel

Isaiah 37:21

Lord God of the Hebrews

Exodus 3:18

Lord Jehovah

Isaiah 12:2

Lord of Hosts

Isaiah 54:5

Lord our Righteousness

Jeremiah 23:6

Lord the Creator

Isaiah 40:28

Lord the God of David

Isaiah 38:5

Maker

Isaiah 54:5

Man of Sorrows

Isaiah 53:3

Messenger of the covenant

Malachi 3:1

Messiah the Prince

Daniel 9:25

Mighty God

Isaiah 9:6

Mighty One of Israel

Isaiah 1:24

Mighty One of Jacob

Isaiah 49:26

Most High

Isaiah 14:14

Plant of renown

Ezekiel 34:29

Polished shaft

Isaiah 49:2

Prince of Peace

Isaiah 9:6

Prophet

Deuteronomy 18:15, 18

Prophet of Shiloh

Genesis 49:10

Purifier

Malachi 3:3

Redeemer

Job 19:25

Redeemer of Israel

Isaiah 49:7

Refiner

Malachi 3:3

Reverend

Psalm 111:9

Righteous Servant

Isaiah 53:11

Righteousness

Jeremiah 23:6

Rock

Deuteronomy 32:15

Rock of Israel

2 Samuel 23:3

Rock of thy strength

Isaiah 17:10

Rod

Isaiah 11:1

Root out of dry ground

Isaiah 53:2

Ruler

Micah 5:2

Salvation

Isaiah 12:2

Sanctuary

Isaiah 8:14

Savior

Isaiah 43:3

Sceptre

Numbers 24:17

Servant

Isaiah 42:1

Shepherd

Zechariah 11:16

Star

Numbers 24:17

Stem of Jesse

Isaiah 11:1

Stone

Isaiah 28:16

Strength

Isaiah 12:2

Stone of Israel

Genesis 49:24

Strong Lord

Psalm 89:8

Sun of Righteousness

Malachi 4:2

Sure foundation

Isaiah 28:16

Teacher

Isaiah 48:17

Tender plant

Isaiah 53:2

Wall of fire

Zechariah 2:5

Water

Isaiah 44:3

Witness

Isaiah 55:4

Wonderful

Isaiah 9:6

 

Chart by Donald W. Parry. The Names, Titles, and Metaphors of the Lord Jesus Christ.

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