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Individual Identity - Insight Into D&C 78
TitleIndividual Identity - Insight Into D&C 78
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsBlack, Susan Easton
Book TitleRestoration Voices Volume 2: Insights and Stories of the Doctrine and Covenants
Volume2
Number of Volumes2
Chapter78
PublisherBook of Mormon Central
CitySpringville, UT

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Individual Identity

D&C 78: Introduction

 

The introduction to Doctrine and Covenants 78 states, “It was not always desirable that the identity of the individuals whom the Lord addressed in the revelations should be known by the world; hence, in the publication of this and some subsequent revelations the brethren were referred to by other than their own names.”

Elder Orson Pratt said,

The names that were incorporated when [the Doctrine and Covenants] was printed, did not exist there when the manuscript revelations were given, for I saw them myself. Some of them I copied. And when the Lord was about to have the Book of Covenants given to the world it was through wisdom, in consequence of the persecutions of our enemies in Kirtland and some of the regions around, that some of the names should be changed.[1]

These “code” names and titles appeared in sections 78, 82, 92, 96, 103, 104, and 105. “When the necessity had passed for keeping the names of the individuals unknown, their real names were thereafter given in brackets” (D&C 78: Introduction). The following is an alphabetical listing of the names and titles used to identify individuals and places in early editions of the Doctrine and Covenants:

Code Name

Real Name

Scripture Reference

Ahashdah

Newel K. Whitney

D&C 78:9; 82:11; 96:2; 104:39–41

Alam

Newel K. Whitney

D&C 82:11

Baneemy

mine elders

D&C 105:27

Baurak Ale

Joseph Smith Jr.

D&C 103:21–22, 35; 105:16, 27

Cainhannoch

New York

D&C 104:81

Enoch

Joseph Smith Jr.

D&C 78:1, 4

Gazelam

Joseph Smith Jr.

D&C 78:9; 82:11; 104:26, 43, 45–46

Horah

Oliver Cowdery

D&C 82:11

Laneshine house

printing office

D&C 104:28, 29

Mahalaleel

Sidney Rigdon

D&C 82:11

Mahemson

Martin Harris

D&C 82:11; 104:24, 26

Olihah

Oliver Cowdery

D&C 82:11; 104:28, 29, 34

Ozondah

mercantile establishment

D&C 104:39–41

Pelagoram

Sidney Rigdon

D&C 78:9; 82:11; 104:20, 22

Seth

Joseph of Egypt

D&C 96:7

Shalemanasseh

Martin Harris

D&C 82:11

Shederlaomach

Frederick G. Williams

D&C 92:1–2; 104:27, 29

Shinehah

Kirtland

D&C 82:12–13; 104:58

Shinelane

printing

D&C 104:63

Shule

ashery

D&C 104:39

Tahhanes

tannery

D&C 104:20

Talents

dollars

D&C 104:69, 73

Zombre

John Johnson

D&C 96:6; 104:24, 34

“Since there exists no vital need today to continue the code names, the real names only are now used therein, as given in the original manuscripts” (D&C 78: Introduction). In the 1981 Doctrine and Covenants, the unusual names and titles were eliminated.

[1] Orson Pratt, “The Manifestations of God’s Power,” Journal of Discourses, 16:156.

Book

Table of Contents

Scripture Reference

Doctrine and Covenants 78:1

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