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Comparison of Parallel Synoptic Passages’ Vocabulary

TitleComparison of Parallel Synoptic Passages’ Vocabulary
Publication TypeChart
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsWelch, John W., and John F. Hall
PublisherFoundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies
CityProvo, UT
KeywordsGospel of John; Gospel of Luke; Gospel of Mark; Gospel of Matthew; Intertextuality; Study Helps
Charts 11-6 through 11-8 reveal some interesting features of the vocabularies of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. This information may be relevant in assessing the degree of dependence or independence of these writers on each other. Chart 11-6 shows that some of Mark’s words are unique to that work; others he shares only with Matthew and Luke; and over half are fairly common throughout the New Testament.
Chart 11-7 examines the degree of overlap that exists between the material of Matthew with that of the other two synoptic writers and, similarly, between the material of Luke and the other two. Interestingly, all three Gospels contain a fair amount of unique material, although Luke contains the most information (almost 40 percent) not mentioned in the others. In addition, all three share a significant amount of common ground, as chart 11-8 confirms.


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